Nargess Eskandari-Grünberg

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Nargess Eskandari-Grünberg
Nargess Eskandari-Grünberg (2019)
Grünberg in 2019
Mayor of Frankfurt
Assumed office
12 November 2022
Preceded byPeter Feldmann
Personal details
Nargess Eskandari

(1965-02-20) 20 February 1965 (age 57)[1]
Tehran, Pahlavi Iran[1]
Political partyAlliance 90/The Greens
SpouseKurt Grünberg
Children2, including Maryam Zaree [de]

Nargess Eskandari-Grünberg (Persian: نرگس اسکندری-گرونبرگ; born 20 February 1965) is a German politician for Alliance 90/The Greens. Since 2021 she has been Bürgermeisterin (deputy mayor) of Frankfurt am Main; following the recall of previous Oberbürgermeister (lord mayor) Peter Feldmann, she has acted as Mayor of Frankfurt on a caretaker basis from 12 November 2022 until the next mayoral election in March 2023.

Early life[edit]

Eskandari-Grünberg was born in 1965 in Tehran. As a high-school student she protested for the overthrow of the Shah; after the Iranian Revolution, she campaigned for democracy against the Ruhollah Khomeini regime. While still at school, she was arrested and imprisoned in Evin Prison, and while there gave birth to a daughter, Maryam, with a college student.[2][3] She was released after a year and a half, and fled with her baby daughter to Germany, arriving in Frankfurt on Christmas Eve 1985.[2][4]

Eskandari-Grünberg earned a doctorate and became a psychotherapist with the German Red Cross, and married fellow psychologist Kurt Grünberg, with whom she has a second child.[5] Her daughter Maryam Zaree [de] became an actress, known for roles in the film Shahada and the TV series 4 Blocks and Tatort among others.[6] Eskandari-Grünberg was featured in Zaree's 2019 documentary Born in Evin [de], in which Zaree attempts to learn more about the circumstances of her mother's imprisonment and her own birth, and which won the 2020 German Film Award for Best Documentary Film.[3]

Political career[edit]

In 2001, Eskandari-Grünberg joined Frankfurt City Council as a councillor for The Greens, and from 2008 to 2016, she sat on the city cabinet as the Head of Department for Integration.[7] In the 2018 mayoral election, she ran as the Green candidate and finished third with 9.3% of the vote.[8]

After the 2021 Frankfurt local elections, in which the Greens finished first, Eskandari-Grünberg was chosen as the Bürgermeisterin (Deputy Mayor) as well as the Head of Department for Diversity, Anti-discrimination and Social Cohesion.[5][7] Following the successful recall election against Lord Mayor of Frankfurt Peter Feldmann,[a] Eskandari-Grünberg took over the role of lord mayor on 12 November 2022, and will be the caretaker until the next election, expected to be held in March 2023.[10][11][12]

Eskandari-Grünberg is not religious and is skeptical of Islamic teaching and the role of women in Islam, campaigning unsuccessfully for a headscarf ban in public buildings, but also defends freedom of religion and supports a "critical dialogue" with Muslims.[13][14] After defending immigration and the construction of a mosque in Frankfurt, Eskandari-Grünberg became the target of a Neo-Nazi intimidation campaign.[13][14] Eskandari-Grünberg has been a vocal critic of the human rights situation in Iran and called for sanctions against the country. During the Mahsa Amini protests in Iran in 2022, Eskandari-Grünberg organised and led demonstrations in support of Iranian feminists in Frankfurt.[15]


  1. ^ Feldmann's term in office expired on 11 November 2022 "at the end of that day"[9]


  1. ^ a b "Dr. Nargess Eskandari-Grünberg DIE GRÜNEN im Römer" (in German). Stadt Frankfurt. Retrieved 24 November 2022.
  2. ^ a b Busche, Andreas (18 October 2019). "Geboren im Gefängnis". Der Tagesspiegel (in German). Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  3. ^ a b Epp, Eugen (18 September 2019). "In iranischem Gefängnis geboren: Schauspielerin Maryam Zaree auf den Spuren ihrer Geschichte". Stern (in German). Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  4. ^ "Former Iranian Political Prisoner Elected as Mayor of Frankfurt". Kodoom. 25 September 2021. Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  5. ^ a b "Neue Bürgermeisterin: "Habe Frankfurt viel zu verdanken"". Frankfurter Neue Press (in German). 14 November 2021. Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  6. ^ "Das Leben ist fucking insane". Fräulein Magazine (in German). 2017. Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  7. ^ a b "Dr. Nargess Eskandari-Grünberg". Grüne Hessen (in German). 22 February 2022. Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  8. ^ "Direktwahl 2018 in Frankfurt-am-Main". Wahlamt Frankfurt. 26 February 2018. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
  9. ^ "Endgültiges Ergebnis des Bürgerentscheides zur Abwahl des Oberbürgermeisters der Stadt Frankfurt am Main steht fest" [The final result of the referendum to vote out the Lord Mayor of the City of Frankfurt am Main has been determined] (in German). Stadt Frankfurt. 11 November 2022. Retrieved 24 November 2022.
  10. ^ "Frankfurter wählen Oberbürgermeister Feldmann mit großer Mehrheit ab" [Frankfurters vote out Lord Mayor Feldmann with a large majority]. Tagesspiegel (in German). 6 November 2022. Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  11. ^ "Voters in Frankfurt remove city's mayor amid corruption case". ABC News. 7 November 2022. Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  12. ^ Leppert, Georg (14 November 2022). "Nargess Eskandari-Grünberg: Plötzlich ist sie Oberbürgermeisterin" [Nargess Eskandari-Grünberg: Suddenly she's the lord mayor]. Frankfurter Neue Presse (in German). Retrieved 24 November 2022.
  13. ^ a b Platten, Heide (8 April 2008). "Streitbare Frau mit vielen Feinden". taz (in German). Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  14. ^ a b Bartsch, Matthias (20 April 2008). "Zurück zu den Mullahs". Spiegel (in German). Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  15. ^ "Frankfurts Bürgermeisterin Eskandari-Grünberg über die Proteste im Iran". Hessenschau (in German). 7 October 2022. Retrieved 7 November 2022.

External links[edit]